With the failure of foreign airlines to repatriate funds and the drop in the operations of Arik Air Nigeria, Lagos traffic is on a steep decline in both domestic and international routes, ForwardKeys’ analysis of seat capacity for travel to the top ten international airports in Africa has shown.
Arik Air has cut 53 percent of its seats for the rest of 2017 and this means that there will be 16 percent fewer airline seats on domestic routes and nine percent fewer on international routes to and from Lagos in the remaining five months of the year, August – December 2017.
The currency crisis has forced some operators including Iberia and United Airlines to stop operations to Nigeria, whilst Emirates and the other foreign carriers have scaled back services.
The impact on Nigeria’s aviation industry is grave resulting in a 0.8% drop, in the wake of recession in 2016, caused by a collapse in the oil price to a 13-year low.
ForwardKeys predicts future travel patterns by crunching and analysing 16 million booking transactions a day.
Its analysis is used by travel marketers, retailers, hotels, destination marketing organisations (DMOs), financial institutions, car rental companies, tour operators, online travel agents (OTAs), and other traveller-focussed businesses worldwide to monitor and anticipate traveller arrivals and stay ahead of the trends from a particular origin market at a specific time.
Jon Howell, Managing Director of AviaDev, Africa’s leading airline route development conference, said: “One of the major reasons for falling arrivals by air to Nigeria, is the fact that many airlines could not repatriate funds after the currency crisis in 2016.
The Nigerian airlines have suffered too and so this void has been filled by the ever-opportunistic Ethiopian Airlines, who began serving their fifth Nigerian destination, Kaduna on 1st August 2017 and are now the largest carrier in the Nigerian market.”
Most of the other airports in Africa’s top ten are seeing a healthy growth in capacity, which is more international than it is domestic. However, the most notable exception to this trend is Nairobi, which is seeing a 22% boost in domestic capacity.
ForwardKeys findings are part of a wider report on travel to Africa which predicts future travel patterns by analysing 17 million booking transactions a day.
It shows double digit growth in flight arrivals for the first half of this year and little indication that the pace of growth will slow down soon. The wider report will make encouraging reading for airlines, governments and hoteliers planning to discuss possible new aviation routes at AviaDev scheduled by Bench Global Business Events for Kigali in October.
ForwardKeys’ report reveals that in the first seven months of the year, 1st Jan – 31st July 2017, total international flight arrivals grew by 14.0% over the same period in 2016.
Most significantly, growth was stronger for travel to and from the continent than within the continent.
Arrivals from Europe, which make up 46% of the market, were up 13.2%. From the Americas, arrivals were up 17.6%; from the Middle East, they were up 14.0% and from Asia Pacific, they were up 18.4%. By comparison, intra-African air travel, which makes up 26% of the market, was up 12.6%.
Tunisia and Egypt which are recovering from notorious terrorist attacks two years ago, have stand out among Africa’s top ten destination countries, with 33.5% and 24.8% performance respectively.
In addition, Morocco and Tunisia received a huge boost in arrivals from China, up 450% and 250% respectively, after they relaxed visa restrictions.
Looking forward to the end of the calendar year, bookings for flights to Africa are currently 16.8% ahead of where they were on July 31st, 2016. Bookings from Europe are currently 17.5% ahead, from the Americas 26.6% ahead, from Asia Pacific 11.5% ahead, from the Middle East 8.2% ahead and bookings for intra-African air travel are 11.0% ahead.
A specific look at East Africa shows very similar trends in year to date performance and outlook to the end of the year. However, it has stronger forward bookings from Europe, 22.9% ahead and less strong forward bookings from elsewhere; the Americas are 15.5% ahead and intra-African air travel 7.6% ahead. However, bookings from the Middle East and Asia Pacific are 6.0% and 3.8% behind respectively.
On an individual airport level, the most significant capacity increase in East Africa is at Kigali, with new routes to Brussels, London and Mumbai. Other notable new capacity includes Kilimanjaro to Dubai and Nairobi to Muscat and to Yemen.
Olivier Jager, CEO, ForwardKeys, said: “The growth in air travel to Africa is impressive. However, it is notable that consumer demand and airline investment is greater in travel to African countries from outside the continent than it is between African countries.”
Jon Howell, Aviation and Tourism Development Manager, Bench Events who is responsible for AviaDev, concluded: “As an international executive who has travelled around Africa for many years, I am longing for the day when it is easier to fly directly between African cities, as is possible on other continents. I am sure I’m not alone in that desire and I’m equally sure, it will happen eventually. That’s why I’m determined that the discussions that will take place at AviaDev will help bring that vision closer.”